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white clover seeds

Trifolium repens – Small Leaved White Clover (Ag)

White clover is a long-lived creeping perennial which spreads through the base of grassland with prostrate creeping stems which root at intervals. White clover as a species is variable in form and stature. Wild native forms of white clover are usually short and compact with many small trifoliate leaves and in grazed or mown turf form mats. The small leaved varieties we offer are most similar to these wild forms. Other imported agricultural varieties have larger leaves and can grow taller, especially when growing amongst longer grass.

Type Seeds per gram Origin Ordering
Grassland Perennial 1400 Amenity, Agricultural Order this species

Habitat information

White clover grows in a wide range of grassland: pastures, lawns, paths, verges and meadows; and as scattered plants in more open habitats like arable fields and waste ground. It is intolerant of shade so does not occur in woodland or thrive in taller grassland and other vegetation. It grows best on moist soils which are well supplied with nutrients other than Nitrogen (which it can fix for itself).

White clover is the most important forage legume for agricultural grassland because of its ability to fix Nitrogen from the atmosphere, and because it is long lasting and provides high quality fodder for livestock. Varieties of white clover have been widely sown on farmland since the 17th century.

White clover will often regenerate naturally on land which has a past history of grassland as it will usually contain a persistent white clover soil seed bank.

Growing information

White clover can be sown at any time of the year when soil and weather conditions are suitable. Cultivated clovers as young seedlings are susceptible to slug and frost damage so are best sown in good growing conditions in spring or summer before the end of August.

White clover germinates well from seed but is generally slower to develop than other legumes and may not establish full ground cover until its second year. Once established it is highly persistent wherever conditions are suitable for its growth.

Small leaved white clover is very tolerant of heavy grazing, frequent mowing or trampling. It thrives and forms a dense mat amongst well managed pasture and lawns. It can also withstand drought and often stays green in a lawn when the grasses brown-off.

Small leaved white clover is a useful addition to informal lawns and amenity grassland helping to produce a sward that is more tolerant of wear and which stays green without the need for feeding and watering. Relaxed mowing during the summer will allow the production of a succession of flower heads for bees and other insects. It is a component of our lawn mix EG22c.

Small leaved white clover is included as a key component of our grazing mixtures. Clover in a sward can potentially deliver as much nitrogen for free as a 200kg/ha/year fertiliser application. The forage produced by a sward with a good clover content is higher in protein and more palatable than grass only, livestock are more healthy and productive as a result. Because it is a such a rich food source livestock must be introduced to it in a managed way to avoid dietary problems such as Bloat and Laminitis.

White clover can be quite competitive and is sometimes sown as weed suppressing ground cover.

Whilst white clover flowers are very good for pollinating insects its competitive nature, persistence, productivity and generation of fertility all make it unsuited for inclusion in wild flower mixtures.

Small leaved white clover does not grow very tall and is not tolerant of shading from surrounding vegetation. It is inhibited by growth of taller grasses and herbs so is less dominant in meadows than in frequently grazed or mown pastures and short turf. It is slow to start growth in spring so is particularly sensitive to shading from earlier growing grasses that are not removed by spring grazing.

Meadow management (leaving the sward uncut from spring through to early summer) will help suppress clovers that naturally invade sown wild flower meadows.

A grass sward which contains clover is usually a joy to mow with a scythe. Its soft short foliage yields easily and cuts smoothly.

Sowing rate

Sow at 0.1 – 1g/m2 or 2 -5% in a mix

Ordering

You can order any quantity of this species from 1g up to 10000g. Please contact us if you require more.

nb: 1kg = 1000g, 0.1kg = 100g

Prices include p&p to most mainland destinations, more on delivery charges.

Trifolium repens – Small Leaved White Clover (Ag) White clover is a long-lived creeping perennial which spreads through the base of grassland with prostrate creeping stems which root at

White Clover Seeds

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USDA Hardiness Planting Zones

To determine if a plant is sufficiently cold hardy, the USDA created numbered zones indicating winter low temperatures; the lower the zone number the colder the winter.

  • If the coldest winter temperature expected in your area is -15°F (zone 5) then any plants rated zones 3-5 will survive the winter temperatures in your area.
  • If you live in very warm winter areas (zones 9-11) plants with zones 3-4 ratings are not recommended. The lack of freezing winter temperatures do not provide a time for winter dormancy (rest).

Find Your Planting Zone:

White Clover is a legume that does best in well-drained soil and is commonly planted in the western part of the US. It is extremely fast and easy to grow, spreading each year. White Clover can be planted between row plantings or as a solid seeded cover both in the spring and fall.

White Clover does not grow well in highly alkaline soils. It has shallow roots, meaning that it will not tolerate much drought. It will tolerate sandy soil if given plenty of water. White Clovers in general can handle more foot traffic than other clovers and will also tolerate more heat.

Seed is Nitro-coated with 34% limestone and inoculated product.

Create a Low-Maintenance Lawn or Add Nutrients to Your Soil with Grass and Groundcover Seeds.

Getting Started: When to Plant

Planting Grass Seed in Fall or Spring: The ideal time to plant grass seed varies by hardiness zone, but is usually in the spring, once temperatures have reached a consistent 60 F and there is no more danger of frost. Grass can be planted through the end of July but no later. If you’re planting in the fall, wait until after there have been a few killing frosts so the seeds you plant will lie dormant until the spring.

Planting as a Cover Crop or Green Manure

If you’re planting grasses, legumes or clover to replenish nutrients, suppress weeds or more, we recommend planting in early to mid fall. Let the grass grow until frost. Come spring, mow before it goes to seed and then till the soil. Wait 3-6 weeks before planting new crops.

Which plants are best for cover crops?

Clover, Peas, Vetch and Rye Grass.

Planting Rates: How Much Seed Do I Need?

Planting rates vary depending on the size of the seed. A larger seed (such as a Fescue) can be seeded at 10lbs/1,000 square feet. A smaller seed (such as a Bluegrass) can be seeded as low as 2lbs/1,000 square feet. To see planting rates for each individual variety, please view the chart on the back page of this guide.

If you’re still unsure of how much seed to use in your area, please give us a call at (877) 309-7333.

Preparing the Area for Planting

We recommend leveling the planting area as much as possible to eliminate high or low spots. Till the soil if possible about 4-6 inches deep, as the soil should be loose and clump free before planting. If your area is already somewhat bare and even, we recommend skipping the tilling process as it can promote new weed growth or unwanted grass growth. You can then add a product to help aerate your soil to improve seed germination, but this is not necessary.

Step-By-Step Planting Instructions
  1. After your soil is prepared, apply the seed at the recommended rate. See the back of the this guide for seeding rates. To make sure you’re spreading the seed evenly, scatter 1/2 of the seed walking north to south and 1/2 of the seed walking east to west.
  2. If you have poor soil, you could lightly apply an organic fertilizer after seeding, although this is not a necessary step for strong growth.
  3. Many choose to cover their grass seed after planting, even though this is not necessary. If you do choose to cover your seed to help retain moisture and hold the seed in place, we recommend a maximum depth of 1/4”. You can cover the seed with topsoil, sterilized straw, or peat moss. Coated seeds such as Bermuda and Clover seeds should not be covered more than an 1/8” deep.
  4. Water gently and regularly, keeping the seeds moist until they begin to sprout. This could mean watering more than once a day if you’re having a dry spell. Once the seeds sprout, water deeply and less frequently. This helps to ensure a deep rooted, healthy lawn or meadow.
  5. Do not mow until your lawn is at the recommended height. This information can be found on our website at the specific product page. For most grasses, this is about 3-6 weeks after planting, but could be longer depending on growing conditions. Remember to be gentle when mowing the first few times — the seedlings will be somewhat tender.
  6. After mowing several times, you can apply an organic fertilizer to promote strong growth, but this is not a necessary step.

It may take weeks or even a month for the seeds to grow. Be patient. If you have any questions about germination time or planting, please don’t hesitate to call us at (877) 309-7333.

Further Reading:

  • A Low Maintenance, Low Mow Backyard Makeover
  • Green Manures? I Don’t “Fallow”…
  • Download Our Printable Grass Planting Guide, With Seeding Rates

Most orders ship within 2 business days.

As soon as your order is placed you will receive a confirmation email. You will receive a second email the day your order ships telling you how it has been sent. Depending upon your order date, we may hold your shipment to combine it with other products on your order, if applicable. See our shipping information page for approximate ship dates and more detailed information. If you have any questions, please call Customer Service toll-free at (877) 309-7333 or contact us by email.

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If your order requires more than one shipment and all items are shipping to the same address, there is no additional shipping charge. If you have any questions, please call us at (877) 309-7333.

This legume is a vigorous, easy-to-grow clover that will produce large, white blooms. White Clover is often planted in the western part of the US as both a spring and fall cover crop. Perennial. (Trifolium repens)