Picture Guide to Cloning Marijuana
What is a cannabis “clone?” What are the advantages of taking marijuana clones? Well, first of all, cloning is one of the easiest and fastest ways for cannabis growers to make many new (and basically free) weed plants at once!
Cloning cannabis is the process of making a smaller copy of a specific cannabis plant. Basically, a clone is a little piece of plant that has been cut off (a “cutting”) from a parent plant and then given the opportunity to make roots of its own.
Cannabis clones are cuttings from a marijuana plant – these cuttings make roots of their own and grow into an identical plant as the “mother!”
Each cannabis clone has the same genes and is a genetic copy of its parent. That means if the parent of the clone is a female, you are guaranteed that all the clones taken from that cannabis plant will be female, too. Why do cannabis growers care about plant gender?
Cloning cannabis lets you make dozens of (practically free) identical cannabis plants quickly! Save your favorite plants to grow again!
Growers can take many clones of a single marijuana plant, and this is an easy way to get many plants that will grow the same way as the mother plant and produce buds with similar characteristics (smell, taste, potency, etc).
What’s Great About Growing Cannabis Clones?
- a clone is an exact copy of a specific cannabis plant, which means clones share the same genes and will grow very similar to each other and their mother plant
- you know a lot about a cannabis clone already since you know what their parent plant was like. While there’s a lot of variation between plants grown from seed, even if they’re the same strain, with clones you’ll have inside information on how the clone will grow, what yields to expect, and the bud potency (plus other characteristics that can vary in a strain like bud color, smell, etc)
- you can easily take many clones at once from a single cannabis plant, for dozens of brand new plants that will be available in about a week
- low cost – besides cloning supplies (which can be as simple as scissors and a glass of water), making clones is basically free
- you can take clone at most points of a cannabis plant’s life – although clones may root a little faster in the vegetative stage, you can take clones up until 2-3 weeks before harvest in order to save your favorite plant for the next grow (though make sure to pinch off any buds and expect some weird looking growth for the first week or two on cannabis clones taken from flowering plants)
- clones get a head-start compared to seedlings – Unlike a seedling, each clone is the same “age” as the parent and therefore is completely mature. As a result, clones grow much faster in the first few weeks compared to seed-grown plants, especially for a larger clone. A newly rooted clone will grow faster than a similarly sized plant grown from seed!
- clones are a good choice for Sea of Green or 12/12 from seed techniques – Since marijuana clones are already mature, a clone not only grows faster vegetatively but can also be changed to the flowering stage immediately to create a Sea of Green or 12/12 from seed cannabis garden.
- clones are not for everyone – many growers want to grow just a few plants of different strains. For these growers it may be better to start with seeds because seeds give you the ability to easily grow many different strains at once without having to maintain extra plants
For many cannabis growers, taking cuttings and cloning can be a great way of propagating a cannabis strain or a particularly nice cannabis plant without ever having to ever worry about male plants or making or buying seeds. Each clone is free!
Like just about every important marijuana growing technique, there is controversy about the best way to clone cannabis plants. There are many effective techniques to clone plants and this tutorial will teach you how to clone today, but no matter what, cloning should only be used with the healthiest, most desirable plants you have. Although technically you can take a clone from any plant at almost any point in its life, you want to take clones of your best plants that have proven to be winners!
Today I will walk you through the entire process of cloning marijuana, and clear up some of the myths and misinformation.
How Cloning Marijuana Works
At it’s simplest, cloning basically means cutting off a piece of plant and sticking it in the ground! New roots grow out of the stem, and soon you have a new cannabis plant!
If you study cannabis clones, you can see the roots actually grow directly out of the stem
Thanks to HerbLion for this incredible cannabis cloning roots picture!
What You Will Need
- A “mother” plant to get your clones from
- Sharp scissors or a razor Fiskars are popular with cannabis growers for taking cuttings for clones, defoliation and trimming. They have a small spring that keeps them open, saving your fingers a little work and letting you pay more attention to your plants. I’ve found you can usually find them at Home Depot!
- Starter Cubes to place your new clones in (I like Rapid Rooters)
- Cloning gel or cloning powder (or both) – Optional
- Strong, but Not Too Strong Light – CFLs, T5 grow lights, Metal Halide from far away, etc Many T5 models are designed specifically for clones and seedlings, like the one pictured below. Other more powerful grow lights (like a Metal Halide) can be used if kept further away. Sunlight will also do the trick!
- 7″ Humidity Dome For Clones (7″ Vented Dome & Tray) or (Optional)Aeroponic Semi-Automatic Cloner
- (Optional)Heating Mat(especially for cool climates)
Quick Video Overview of the Cannabis Cloning Process
How To Take a Cannabis Clone
Before anything, clean and disinfect all your tools, and get everything ready, including setting out everything mentioned in the “What You Will Need to Clone Cannabis” section.
Take clones from “mature” cannabis plants – if the leaves are alternating (not connecting at the exact same part of the stem) the plant is ready to clone. Here’s an example of a marijuana stem with alternating leaves/nodes, perfect for cloning.
Mature cannabis stem for cloning
Soak your starter cubes for a couple of minutes in the water. You don’t need to soak them for days, a few minutes is fine.
Choose a spot where there is new branching and a new top, and cut a little bit below that. Just firmly grab the new growth and cut the branch away at a 45-degree angle. New cuttings should be 5-8 inches (10-20 cm) long.
When possible, take clones from vigorous growth tips from the lower half of your plant, as they have more rooting hormones than branches toward the top and will grow roots faster. However, clones taken from any part of the plant will work as long as they have a nice growth tip at the end..
Basically, you just want to cut away a small part of the plant. The roots will grow out of the “cut” you made, and the rest of the cutting will start growing into an individual plant.
Cut 5-8 inches (10-20 cm) below cannabis growth tip
Many growers gently scrape or even split the bottom of the cutting so more “raw” insides get exposed. As you can see from the pictures below, the roots grow most easily from the parts of the stem that are raw, so scraping and splitting exposes more “insides,” which gives more surface areas for roots to grow out of and promotes faster rooting.
Immediately put your new marijuana cutting in a glass of water! This will help prevent bubbles from getting in the stem!
Trim off any huge lower leaves or node points from the new cutting and clip the top fan leaves if they’re big. Clipping the leaves helps prevent the weed clone from “over-exerting” itself trying to turn light into food, when the plant should be focused on roots.
You can take cannabis clones using just plain water, and your cuttings will make roots just sitting in the water that way. Some growers use rooting hormones and other cloning products to help the plant root faster.
If you do plan to dip your cuttings, take your cuttings from the water and dip your newly scrapped cutting immediately into rooting hormone powder or gel to seal off air bubbles and give your cutting what it needs to start making roots. Some growers will use gel and then powder afterwards to get the best of both.
Make sure you coat the entire bottom of the cutting, so that all the parts of the clone that get put into your starter cube is covered in gel.
Place the new clone into a moistened starter cube, and press around the bottom to make sure everything is sealed and no air can get to the rooting area.
If you have an automatic cloner or humidity dome, this is when you would place the new clone inside.
When you recreate the right conditions, you don’t need a cloner or humidity dome, yet these types of devices make successful cloning and root growth happen practically by itself.
Yet if you follow the steps in this article, it’s not a matter of if your clones will take root, but just a matter of when. Almost 100% of clones will take root if you follow these instructions and just giver her enough time.
In the next section I’ll explain exactly what your new clones need to thrive.
How To Nurture Your New Clones
Clones like warm, wet conditions.
Your clones need to get their water through their leaves right now because their roots haven’t formed.
That’s why a nice humid cloner works great, or you can mist your plants a few times a day until they start forming roots.
Some growers will use a heating pad under their clones to help keep things warm.
A little warmer than room temperature 72-77 °F (22-25 °C ) is perfect. Many automatic cloners come with a heat setting.
Some growers don’t use any grow lights at all for the first 1-2 days while clones get settled. Other growers do give light right from the beginning. It’s common to leave new clones in a warm, bright area for the first day or two, for example with a relatively weak grow light like a CFL bulb.
Leave your grow lights on an 18/6 (Light/Dark) for your new clones. Don’t give new clones 24 hours of light, without any dark periods. This can slow down the rooting process. Rooting seems to happen best when there’s some amount of darkness each day.
The most important thing is to keep a close eye on your new clones until they’ve become well-established
Each clone will grow into a full sized marijuana plant!
beautiful cannabis cloning pics by B. Clement
Cloning Grow Lights
For the first 10 days and especially for the first 3-4 days, you don’t want to use full-strength light on your new clones.
Clones want light from the beginning, but as they are focusing on making roots they don’t want a whole lot since they aren’t as strong as rooted plants!
Cheap CFLs or other fluorescent grow lights like T5s are great cloning lights, as they’re not too intense. If you have just a small tent or cupboard to keep your clones, you can find CFLs at the grocery store, home improvement stores, even your local mini-mart! FLuorescent grow lights can be kept about 8-9″ above your clones.
HID grow lights like Metal Halide and High-Pressure Sodium bulbs can work well for clones but need to be kept 2-3+ feet away from new clones so they don’t get scorched.
If you do start with intense lights, treat your cuttings like seedlings until your clones have formed strong roots. For example, a 400W HPS grow light is good about 30 inches away from the top of your clones while they’re rooting.
If you’re growing in rockwool cubes or other starter cubes like Rapid Rooters, then you know your clones are ready to be transplanted and receive regular light when you actually see the roots coming out the bottom of the cubes.
Remember, new clones are weak, and they should be treated gently like seedlings until they start growing vigorously. But within just a week or so, you will have fast-growing plants that are much bigger than any week-old seedling!
And remember to be patient if it’s your first time. Almost every cutting will take root if you just wait long enough, and keep providing the right conditions. Some plants will root in just a few days, 7 days is average, but some clones can take 2 weeks (or even more) to start showing roots!
Cannabis Cloning Tips
1.) Keep the leaves of each new clone gently moist – clones love misty conditions (especially the first week after taking a cutting)
This is why many growers buy cloners, or a tray with a humidity dome (a clear plastic top to put over their plants), since they will keep your cuttings nice and moist for you and practically automate the whole process. However, with a humidity dome, it’s extra important to keep an eye out for mold.
If you don’t have a humidity dome (or even if you do) it can be a good idea to mist each clone with water after you’re done to keep them moist. If you can mist your clones a couple of times a day so they don’t dry out, you may be able to skip the clear top altogether. Another option is put the clear top over your plants while you’re away from your grow area(like when you’re at work), then take it off while you’re around to check on your clones and mist them regularly with water.
Most domes have vents to let them expel extra air, and you will want to open them if it starts looking too misty in there!
2.) Give each clone a little something extra to help make roots
In addition to cloning gel or powder, some growers recommend spraying the leaves with a very mild nutrient solution, as the clones can absorb a tiny bit of nutrients through their leaves.
Cannabis growers may also add a small amount of …
>>> Vitamin B-1 (“Western States B-1” found at Home Depot)
>>> Potassium silicate protectant (“Dyna-Gro Pro-tekt” is a great source that has been time-tested for cloning marijuana)
To promote root growth, try to give new clones a minimum level of nitrogen and possibly increased levels of phosphorus. Basically, any sort of flowering nutrients would be well suited to give to new clones. However, make sure if you’re feeding them nutes to give them only 1/4 to 1/2 the recommended amounts for seedlings!
3.) Use rooting powder or gel (that has been properly stored)
When creating clones, many people prefer to use some sort of cloning solution or powder, which contain hormones that help the clone root and can be purchased from a grow shop, garden store, or off the internet. Rootech Cloning Gel is a great choice. Gels tend to evenly coat the plant much better than powders, but if you’re not sure you can use both!
Store your rooting powder or gel in a cool, dark, dry place and never use “contaminated” rooting powder or gel.
If the package was unsealed when you got it, or if you’ve dropped anything into the rooting hormone, discard and get a fresh package. Foreign materials like leaves, dirt, dust, etc can cause bad stuff to grow in your gel or powder, and will negatively affect your cloning results.
- Some cloning gels come with a handy applicator tip, which makes it easier to use and reduces waste and the chance of contamination.
4.) Take cuttings from a well-established and healthy plant
You will tend to get better results if you use clones from a well-established plant (at least two months old). Younger plants may not be totally mature, and their clones can take a lot longer to root, or may not root at all.
If you grow a plant in the vegetative stage for about 2-3 months, you will be able to get dozens of clones off a single plant.
It’s completely fine if you plan on just taking a couple of clones from a plant then letting it continue growing. In fact, it’s best to take the clones off the bottom of the plant since these clones tend to take root in much less time than clones taken from the top of the plant.
5.) Take clones off the bottom of the plant for faster rooting, off the top of the plant for faster flowering
If getting plants to root as fast as possible, it’s best to take the clones off the bottom of the plant since these clones tend to have more root hormones and tend to take root in less time as clones taken from the top of the plant.
If you want to flower the plant right away to determine the gender, then you’ll often have better luck taking a clone from the top of the plant, which tends to be more primed to flowering.
6.) Prepare the mother plant for cloning if you can
If possible, give a potential mother less nitrogen then usual when feeding for a week or two before cloning as this will promote better rooting in her clones. Regular flowering nutrients work well.
7.) Take more clones than you need
Save yourself a boatload of frustration by always taking more cuttings than you need. You will lose a few clones in the beginning, but I promise it will get easier.
Some clones take longer to root. I’ve had a clone that didn’t really do anything for almost a month (it didn’t wilt or grow) and I was just about to throw it away before it suddenly exploded with new growth and became a healthy adult plant. However, it’s usually a lot easier to take many extra marijuana clones and throw away any that are taking longer than the others to make roots.
8.) Don’t forget to label every cannabis clone, or you will regret it!
You might be amazed at how much you can forget in the week it takes for roots to form 🙂
9.) A cannabis clone from a flowering plant will grow differently at first, this is normal!
You want to take clones off a cannabis plant when it’s in the vegetative stage if possible because cuttings will root faster, but you can also take clones from a flowering plant if you have a prize plant you want to save. When taking clones from a flowering cannabis plant, choose clones from the bottom of the plant and immediately pinch away any buds you see. Other than that you can treat new clones exactly the same as any other.
Clones from flowering plants may grow more “bushy” than their parent plant, and will often show other strange growing patterns especially in the first few weeks after being cloned (for example rounded leaves). It’s completely normal for clones taken during the flowering stage to have weird leaves and growth patterns for the first few weeks.
Marijuana clones taken from a flowering plant will display strange growth for the first few weeks, but leaves will soon start growing normally again.
10.) Choosing and taking care of “mother” plants
Pictured to the left is an example of a “mother” plant. This plant is known to be female, so all her clones will be female too.
All clones are genetically identical to the plant you took them from. So if you have an incredible specimen of a plant, you can make more plants that will have all very similar characteristics as the mother cannabis plant. You can take dozens of clones from a single plant. In fact anywhere there’s a “growth tip” will yield a clone!
Cloning Cannabis: How to pick a valuable female plant to clone
As the grower, you’re looking for hardy female plants with fast growth, big roots, huge yields, and potent buds.
Now it is generally recommended to take clones during the vegetative stage of marijuana because clones taken during the flowering stage can have a much harder time taking root. However, if you take clones from the bottom of a cannabis plant in the flowering stage, you can usually get it to clone by pinching off any buds and following the normal steps. This can be a great way to save a plant that is performing really well in the flowering stage!
Note: Some growers take clones during the flowering stage on purpose, with a technique known as Monster Cropping. Clones taking during the flowering stage can sometimes display unusual growth patterns and can become crazy branching monsters. Depending on the grow setup, this can be taken advantage of. Learn about monster cropping and other ultra-advanced techniques in this guide (for SERIOUS growers only).
Ok, so you want to take clones during the vegetative stage if possible, yet how do you choose the best mother plants that will give you the most potent buds and greatest yields? You don’t know how the plant is going to turn out yet since she’s still in the vegetative stage.
You could just choose to clone any plant, and maybe that’s what you want to do if this is your first time cloning. Yet if you want to get the best results, you should choose to grow clones from only the best plants.
But how do you know which plants are going to be good when you have to clone in the vegetative stage?
How do you even know if the plant is a boy or a girl?
This is where things get a little bit tricky…
There are two major ways to identify male and female plants in the vegetative stage. Looking at pre-flowers or taking an early clone and flowering it.
Although you can identify the gender of a cannabis plant when it’s just 3-6 weeks old from seed, you may choose to clone your plant earlier, and therefore won’t know the gender. To get around this, you can always take clones of all your plants right before you put them into the flowering stage. This will give you a “copy” just in case any of your plants end up blowing you away with their quality.
Keep these clones in the vegetative stage and allow them to start growing. I have a vegetative tent and flowering tent, and I just stick new, healthy clones in the vegetative tent until I’m ready to flower them.
Continue to nurture these new clones and allow them to start growing into full-size plants. Meanwhile, as your main garden starts flowering, the “parent” plants will start revealing their true characteristics.
At this point, throw away any clones that came from a male plant, or from a plant which grows slowly. You’ll be glad you labeled them!
After harvest, you will know which plants had the best yields, growth, etc. Keep the clones you took from these best plant(s). These clones will become your “mother” plants which you can take further clones from whenever you need new babies.
How do you keep a mother plant from getting too big?
You can easily keep a mother plant in the vegetative stage for two years or more as long as you keep the plant under a vegetative light schedule. Any clones can be kept in the same place until you’re ready to move them into your main growing area. Make sure the mother plant is well-fed and happy so that any clones you take off her are healthy and strong.
However, if you keep light and nutrient levels low, the plant will tend to grow slower, so you can keep the genetics without growing a huge plant. You can take clones off the top of the plant to help control height, and plant training can be used to train a plant to grow into almost any size and shape.
Enjoy the power of marijuana cloning!
Cloning gives you the power to take one plant and get unlimited new cannabis plants for practically forever! You can clone clones without a problem. Each new clone is a genetic copy of the original plant.
Take your newfound power and let’s help overgrow the world 🙂
About Nebula Haze:
Medical marijuana is important to me as an epilepsy patient, and I’m dedicated to showing you how easy it can be to grow your own medical-grade buds.
I believe people should be able to grow cannabis in the privacy of their own homes! I have made it my mission in life to build the best growing resources available so anyone with an internet connection can become an advanced grower!
Are You Ready To Go Pro With Your Garden?
I know you are dedicated to growing the best marijuana possible.
Advanced techniques like monster cropping, which was mentioned in this article, are not for the faint of heart.
Learn the most advanced growing tactics and techniques right here:
FOR SERIOUS GROWERS ONLY
You need to learn this plant’s language if you want to grow real chronic buds and get the best yields possible.
So you could spend years and years learning from trial and error…
Or you can take the shortcut to consistently producing outstanding results by learning from real growers who have done all the work for you.
Every experienced grower has their own grow style, and over time as you get exposed to more info, you will begin to finely tune your personal grow style.
Now, there is a lot of great info in Ryan Riley’s Growing Elite Marijuana book. If you read the entire thing from front to back, even a totally experienced grower will learn something, and probably a whole lot of things. For a beginner, this book has literally everything you will need to know.
As you probably know, the growing forums can be a rough place to learn how to grow weed, You must be on the lookout for bad information and will always be second-guessing whether this or that person in the forums actually knows what they’re talking about. That’s why investing in growing books by known pros will pay off in the long run.
I’ve read several marijuana books over the last decade (read some of my reviews about the best growing marijuana books), and learned a lot from all of them. Each book I’ve read has leveled up my growing skills.
Now the price tag for this resource is pretty high, so it’s only recommended for growers who want to go pro with their growing skills. Still, I’m glad that I invested in this book, and I definitely have gotten my money’s worth out of it 100x over via increased yields and saved time/frustration. If the price of this book is going to kill your growing budget, then you are going to have a tough time growing elite marijuana anyway. 😉
This book isn’t for you if you’re just looking to grow a tiny amount of buds to smoke a few times a year.
Yet if you’re a daily toker like me and are dedicated to growing a constant supply of chronic buds for as cheap and easy as possible, you’ll be glad you invested in Ryan Riley’s ultimate guide to growing.
How to Control Humidity (keep high humidity for happy new clones!)
Cloning is one of the easiest and fastest ways for cannabis growers to make many new (and basically free) weed plants at once! Learn how to start cloning today!
10 Best Propagation Kits for Growing Weed: Reviews & Buying Guide
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Cannabis is not quite easy to grow. It requires proper regulation of its environment to produce good quality buds. Thorough care and attention are much needed especially during its infancy stage.
There are two basic ways to propagate marijuana. It is being done through seed germination or cloning. Either way, modern innovations have made weed growing more convenient for growers. Through the use of propagation kits, cannabis reproduction is now made simpler.
Although, not all propagation kits will fit your needs like a glove. There are a lot of factors to consider too to identify its suitability. Do not worry, though, we are here to help you sort this matter.
In this article, we will share with you the important things you need to know about propagation kits. Likewise, how to determine which one to buy. Moreover, we will also take the liberty to present some of the best growing kits available in the market.
Cannabis Propagation Through Seed Germination
Germination is the process of growing a new cultivar straight from the seed. It is also known as “seed popping”. There are several ways to do this. Here are some of the most common and effective ways:
Method #1: Direct in soil
Planting your seeds in soil is the most natural and effective way of germination. The soil medium gives the roots with ample support and protection. Thus, lessening the risk of interrupting its growth process.
When using this method, the first thing you have to check is the appropriateness of the soil. Having the right type ensures to provide a conducive growth environment. Choose a soil that has a pH level of 6.
In this case, a seed starter or potting soil is more ideal to use. Note though that this type is often mildly-fertilized already. So, avoid giving additional nutrient solutions for the first two weeks. This prevents the risk of damaging the seeds from a nutrient overdose.
Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to germinate seeds in the soil.
- Put your soil in small pots.
- Create a small hole with a depth of about 1.5 centimeters.
- Place the cannabis seed inside the hole.
- Or, if the seeds have already begun to germinate, place the roots facing downward.
- Cover the hole with loose soil.
- Make sure not to push down to prevent disturbing the fragile roots.
- Moisten the soil with water using a sprayer for even distribution.
- Place the pot under a grow light to maintain a conducive temperature of 22°C or 72°F.
- Continue to supervise the soil to ensure it stays moist.
- After a week, stems should have been able to develop already.
- Once it reaches a length between 5 to 10 centimeters, you may now transplant your cultivar to a larger pot.
Method #2: Soaking in water
Too much liquid is often against the basic principles of growing cannabis. Thus, soaking your seeds in water may sound like an odd idea. Then again, many growers swear by the effectiveness of this method.
The trick here is to not let the seeds soak for too long. Usually, the seeds start to grow visible tails within 24 to 48 hours. But, you can leave it in water for up to 7 days max.
This method is effective because the seeds become well-hydrated to kickstart germination. If done right, the submersion helps to soften and break down the shell. Thus, shortening the pre-sprouting process.
Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to germinate seeds in the water.
- Fill the glass with tap water.
- Let it sit until it reaches room temperature or around 18°C or 65°F.
- You may drop 2 to 3 seeds per container.
- Refill the water every other day.
- After 2 to 4 days, the seeds should have already split and started to develop roots.
- Once the roots reach 3 to 5 millimeters in length, you can now plant them in soil with roots facing down.
Although this method is a favorite among many growers, note though that it is a sensitive process too. A sprouting seed is very fragile. Thus, you have to be extra careful when handling them. The slightest pressure can stress your seeds and halt their development in effect.
Method #3: With cotton pads or paper towels
Using cotton pads is another common method of germinating cannabis seeds. It is inexpensive and effective in maintaining the seed’s moisture.
In the same fashion, you can also use paper towels for this process. Make sure though that this is plain and non-porous. The cloth-type version is not suitable for this as it may cause the roots to develop between the woven layers.
Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to germinate seeds in cotton pads or paper towels.
- Place a few seeds between two cotton pads and moist it with water.
- If using paper towels, place the seeds between two sheets and moisten with water.
- Place the paper towel-cushioned seeds between two plates to prevent moisture from evaporating.
- Store the seeds under an ideal temperature of 22°C or 72°F.
- After 2 to 5 days, the seeds should have already split and started to develop roots.
- Once the roots reach 3 to 5 millimeters in length, you can now plant them in soil with roots facing down.
The same as water germination, growing seeds in cotton pads or paper towels are also very risky. There is a high tendency for the delicate roots to get entangled with the material. Thus, you have to be extra cautious, especially when transplanting them into the soil. You can use your bare fingers or tweezers to handle the sprouting seeds with more prudence.
Cannabis Propagation Through Cloning
Cloning from cuttings is another way to propagate cannabis plants. It is also known as asexual reproduction. It is being called so because you do not need a seed to reproduce. Instead, a cutting is being taken from a mother plant to cultivate a new plant called a clone.
Both of these plants will share the same genes. Thus, whatever the characteristics of the mother, the clone will inherit it too. This includes the flavor, yield, grow time, and cannabinoid profile among many others.
In simple terms, the process is about making a smaller copy of a specific cultivar. In this circumstance, it is ideal to look for a mother plant candidate with a very good phenotype.
Often, growers prefer this propagation method as compared to others. That is because cloning eliminates the intensive process of seed germination. Thus, sparing you the effort, time, and money.
Here’s how to clone a cannabis plant through cutting.
Step #1: Select your mother plant
This is this first and crucial step in cloning. The outcome of your cultivar is dependent on the quality of the mother plant you took your cutting from. So, it is a must to be meticulous during the selection phase. It’s not enough that it is your favorite strain or variety. You have to consider these following characteristics too:
- The plant is grown from seeds.
- At least two months old.
- Strong and healthy.
- Has rapid growth.
- Produces great yield.
- With large roots.
- Has strong buds.
It is possible to clone both indoor and outdoor strains of cannabis. But it would be easier to grow them if you replicate its intended environment. Like, using the indoor strain for indoor use and the outdoor strain for outdoors.
Moreover, it is also important to choose a mature plant as your mother plant. It should have been in the vegetative stage for at least 2 to 3 months old already. By this period, the cultivar is mature enough to root.
Step #2: Prepare your mother plant
After determining which mother plant to use, it is a must to condition them first before cutting. Proper preparation is very important. This extra step will ensure that your cuttings will have a higher success rate to root.
To prep, reduce the nitrogen intake of the plant by 10% lesser than normal. Do this at least one to two weeks before you intend to cut off its branches.
Step #3: Cutting off the stems
After you have well-prepped your mother plant, you may now start clipping the stems. But note though that there are also considerations in choosing which branches to cut.
First, you have to choose a stem with larger leaves. That is because bigger leaves tend to encourage faster rooting. Moreover, you have to ensure that you cut the branch long enough. A length of about 6 to 8 inches will be fine. On this cutting, make sure you have at least one pair of leaves. In that way, you will have two branches that will likely sprout.
The proper technique of cutting is also important to observe. Instead of clipping the stem straight, it is rather best to cut them at an angle. In this manner, you provide a larger surface for water absorption. Thus, giving your branch a better advantage for hydration.
It is also essential to use the right cutting tools. Your garden shears or pruner should be well
-sharpened before using it. Cutting with dull scissors will likely crush your stem. As a consequence, it becomes harder for it to form roots.
Also, do not forget to always sterilize your instruments with 70% alcohol. No need to soak in the solution, simple wiping will do. Do this every after usage to prevent cross-contamination of plant diseases.
Step #4: Rooting of the stem
There are a lot of ways to help your cutting develop its roots. One of which is through the use of rooting solutions. This product may either come in the form of powder, gel, or liquid.
Regardless of its type, ensure the preparation of your solution is sterile. Consider any tears in the seal as unsafe. Thus, inspect the packaging before using it. Likewise, there should be proper storage too of the excess product. It must be tightly-sealed and stored in a cool dry place. This will help to keep the solution intact for the next use.
The application of this product is very easy. Start by moistening the tip of your cutting. Then, dip the base into the powder, gel, or liquid rooting solution. Shake off the excess. Be as gentle as possible.
Different Methods of Cloning Cannabis Plants
After you have prepped and clipped your cuttings from the mother plant, you are now ready for cloning. Same with seed germination, there are also different ways to make clones.
Method #1: Potting in soil
This is the most common and simplest way to clone cannabis. To prep the cutting, you need to trim the mature leaves in the branch. Doing this helps to further promote growth. Moreover, you should saturate the potting soil first before using it. This helps to keep the soil intact when you plant the cuttings.
Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to clone cannabis using potting soil.
- Saturate the potting soil with water.
- Cut the stem at an angle.
- Dip the tip in the rooting solution.
- Plant the cutting in the saturated potting soil.
- Distribute the soil on the top layer.
- Mist the plant and soil enough to moisten it.
- Put it inside the propagator.
- Spray the inside of the propagator dome with water before covering.
- Put the propagator under the CFL light.
Method #2: Cloning in rockwool
In this method, you will be using rockwool cubes as your media. Before putting in your cuttings, ensure that you have prepped the cubes first. That is because rockwool’s pH by nature is quite unstable. Thus, it can pretty much mess with your plant’s pH level if you use it without proper preparation.
Prepping rockwool is very easy. All you have to do is to rinse it first with clean water. Once done, soak it in a 5.5 pH water solution for a few hours or so. Then, it’s ready for use.
The suitable temperature when using a rockwool cube should be between 72°F to 75°F and a humidity of 90%. With the right environment, expect the roots to start growing within 8 to 12 days.
Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to clone cannabis using rockwool cubes.
- Prepare the rockwool cube by rinsing and soaking in water.
- Cut the clone in an angle.
- Dip the tip of the clone in a rooting solution.
- Place the dipped clone in the prepped rockwool cube.
- Store it in a propagator.
- Set the right temperature and humidity levels.
Method #3: Cloning in water
Among the soilless methods, cloning in water is the most common. There are a few important things to keep in mind though when using this method.
First, it is advisable to use amber or any dark-colored container. The tint helps to block the light from penetrating the container. Thus, preventing algae from growing inside. Also, agitate the water once in a while to further halt its formation. If it still does, go ahead and change the water.
Moreover, try to look for at least a 16-ounce container with a narrow mouth. The smaller opening helps the plant to maintain a more upright position.
It is also important to keep the plant away from direct sunlight not until new leaves start to grow on top. New leaves grow at about the same time as the roots often between 5 to 10 days. You can tell if the cultivar is ready for transplant once both are already well-developed.
Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to clone cannabis using water.
- Trim off the mature leaves from the stem.
- Regulate the water to reach a pH level of 5.8.
- Cover the top of the container.
- Poke a small hole in the middle of the cover.
- Dip the tip of the cutting in the rooting solution.
- Put the dipped cutting in the container with water.
- Change the water as needed.
Top 10 Best Cannabis Plant Propagator Kits
1. Editor’s Pick – Super Sprouter Premium Propagation Kit
This is the ultimate complete starter system for your seedlings and cuttings. The kit includes everything you need to produce a conducive environment for propagation.
The set comes with an ultra-clear 7-inch vented dome with built-in light track channels. This also comes with a T5 grow light to fit in the channeled dome.
It has a thick and durable 10×20 grow tray with no holes. Along with it comes an ETL-listed heat mat to help maintain the desired level of warmth inside.
2. Best Basic Propagation Kit – EarlyGrow 70738 Medium Domed Propagator
This is a basic kit that helps to protect your young plants from unwanted external elements. It includes a vented domed and a grow tray made from heavy-duty Polypropylene plastic. It is resistant to breaks and warping thus it is suitable for reuse and can last you for years.
It’s clear vented dome enables you to control the humidity inside. At the same time, it also allows maximal sunlight to reach through your cultivars. Moreover, its high-top design gives the flourishing plants more vertical space to grow.
3. Best Seed Starter Tray Kit – Gardzen 5 Set Seed Starter Tray Kit with Dome and Base
This basic seed starter set consists of seed trays, base trays, and transparent domes. The seed trays come in 40 cells with drain holes on each to prevent overwatering the cultivar. A single cell has a measurement 1.4-inch in square shape. This provides ample space for cannabis seedlings to grow into.
4. Best Seed Germination Tray – Koram 10-Pack Seed Starter Trays with Lid and Base
The Koram seed starter kit is perfect for cannabis germination. The seed trays come in 6 cells with 1.9-diameter each. Moreover, it is being made with flexible plastic. Thus, making it easier to transfer seedlings in the future.
The kit also comes with a humidity lid dome to maintain the moisture inside. A durable base tray is also included to help drain the excess water from the seed trays. It is also compatible to use with a heat mat for added warmth.
5. Best Rooting Tray – General Hydroponics Rapid Rooter Tray
This is a ready-to-use propagation tray complete with soil and nutrients. The tray has 50 cells, each containing a special mix of plant-based composed material. Every plug is already packed with micronutrients. Thus, promoting healthier and faster growth of your cannabis seedlings and cuttings.
6. Best Cloning Propagation System – Hydrofarm OxyClone 20 Compact Recirculating Cloning Propagation System
The OxyClone 20 is a compact tabletop hydroponic cloning system. This allows growers to propagate young plants in water. It is being operated by an aqua pump that delivers a generous amount of oxygen to the plant’s root system.
It also enforces an evaporative cooling measure to keep less heat in the environment. Moreover, the plastic used in its reservoir is BPA-free. Thus, it is safe to use with edible plant seedlings.
7. Best Propagation Kit with Light – Super Sprouter Deluxe Propagation Kit
The Super Sprouter Deluxe is the same propagation kit as the premium version minus only the heat mat. Thus, it is much lesser in cost. Yet, this still includes a 7-inch clear vented dome with track light channels. Moreover, it also comes with a T5 fluorescent grow light, a perfect fit for the channeled domes.
8. Best Propagation Kit with Heater – Vivosun Heating Seed Starter Germination Kit
This propagation kit comes with a built-in heating tray. Thus, it allows the growers to have full control over the temperature of the growing area. This germination tray is being made with durable and waterproof ABS plastic. Thus, it is sure to last you for a long time.
The set also includes a clear vented dome to help maintain the humidity. A 24-cell tray insert with a 2-inch diameter per slot is being provided too. This cell size is perfect for growing cannabis seedlings or cuttings with ease.
9. Best Mini Propagation Kit – SunBlaster Mini Greenhouse Kit
This mini greenhouse kit is a basic set of a grow tray, a vented dome, and grow lights. This nano dome is being made exclusive to use with the T5HO 6400K combo grow lighting kit. Moreover, it also includes a heavy-duty 1020 germination tray. The kit, though, does not include cell-trays.
10. Best Large Propagation Kit – EarlyGrow 93807 Domed Propagator with Height Extenders
This propagator kit is perfect if you wish to provide your young plants with ample space to grow. It has an extra-large grow tray that can accommodate up to 60 units of 2″x2″ seed trays. Moreover, it also includes a vented humidity dome with two height extenders. With this extension, you can add 12.75″ more to the height. Thus, giving you the flexibility to adjust the vertical space as your plants grow.
Propagation kits indeed are your best buddy for this project. They offer you the convenience of creating a conducive growing environment. Thus, it is important for you to determine the best one for your needs to ensure better chances of success.
Whether you choose to do it via seed germination or cloning, be confident that you can achieve this. Growing cannabis does need to be as complicated as it seems. As long as you make sure to equip yourself with the right knowledge, tools, and a whole lot of patience. Of course, don’t forget to also buy the correct propagation kit.
Are you looking for the Best Propagation Kit for Growing Weed? We did too, so we tested a lot of different options, and wrote reviews of the top 10 for you.