High Crimes & Parrot Health: Implications Of Loosening Marijuana Restrictions For You & Your Bird
There are several legal and ethical issues bird owners should consider as many U.S. states move to legalize or decriminalize medical and recreational marijuana use
Unless you?e had your head in the um Е clouds Е recently, you?e no doubt aware that an increasing number of cities and states have moved ahead with legislation to legalize or decriminalize marijuana for medical or recreational use.
According to the public information nonprofit ProCon.org, which has created a chart of medical marijuana laws state-by-state, medical marijuana is now legal in 23 states and Washington, D.C. This November, Alaska, Oregon and Washington, D.C. joined Colorado and Washington State when ballot measures passed to allow the sale and use of recreational marijuana.
The increase in availability of legal marijuana has legal, health and medical implications for pet birds and their owners.
Although there is not yet extensive research available on the specific effects of marijuana smoke on pet birds, Veterinarian Cassee Terry of Redmond, Oregon cautions that the effects could be severe. “Birds are much more sensitive to smoke inhalation toxicity than other animals,?she explained. Generally, Terry observed, “lung toxicities are more severe,?in birds.
There are several reasons for this. Birds have very efficient respiratory systems, which means that with each breath, birds extract much more air particulates than humans. In addition, birds breathe at an increased rate compared to humans, so airborne toxins such as smoke will have an increased impact on birds. Bird anatomy also plays a role.
In addition to their lungs, “birds have a system of air sacs,?explained Megan Jones, a researcher in bird behavior at Florida State University, “so when they inhale, the air goes first into the posterior air sacs, then into the lungs when they exhale.?But that breath remains in the bird, Jones explained, for yet another breath. The air travels “then through the lungs to the anterior air sacs on the second inhale, and is exhaled out of the body on the second exhale.?lt;/span>
Exposure to second-hand smoke of any kind, even from kitchens, can have negative health consequences for pet birds. Repeated exposure can cause skin and eye irritation and infection, respiratory infections and chronic respiratory disease. Birds can develop symptoms such as coughing, sneezing, sinus and eye infections, and these may lead to secondary bacterial infections which may even be fatal.
How Marijuana Can Affect Pet Birds
Peer-reviewed studies have not yet been published on the effects of so-called “edibles,?or edible products infused with THC oil, on birds. However, a recent study on songbirds at Oregon Health Science University demonstrates that alcohol affects birds, which metabolize it differently than humans but experience similar “drunken?effects. You can hear from the recordings of drunken zebra finches in this story by National Public Radio, that alcohol affected the birds?singing in the same way it slurs human speech.
Because all species of animals process different chemicals differently, don? assume that you can accurately determine how much of a cannabis edible product a bird could safely ingest based merely on its weight as compared to your own. In addition, effects such as distortions of balance and the senses, which humans might experience as a pleasurable “buzz?can be uncomfortable, disorienting and even frightening for animals. Terry cautioned, that in general, “The effects last longer when ingested than smoked, in birds and other species.?Therefore, even if a small amount of edible marijuana did not prove fatal or cause illness, a bird could experience any unsettling effects for longer if exposed to an edible product.
Some ingestion of marijuana by pets occurs by accident, through exposure to second-hand smoke, or when a pet raids its owner? unattended stash of marijuana or edible products. A 2012 study published in the Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical care found the number of marijuana poisoning cases in dogs at two Colorado veterinary hospitals quadrupled in five years following the legalization of medical marijuana. This increase, though shocking, covered the period before Colorado legalized recreational marijuana. Veterinarians generally encourage pet owners to honestly report whatever substance the pet has ingested in order to render the proper treatment and save the animal? life.
The Legal Ramifications For Exposing Your Pet Bird To Marijuana
Warning: Several of the following links reference news items that discuss animal cruelty cases, as well as a video of a bird having marijuana blown in its face.
Although there are some reports of pet owners attempting to treat their pet? diseases with marijuana, many anecdotal reports of bird exposure to marijuana appear to result from the owner? own use when their diminished judgment leads them, or their friends, to feed marijuana or its by-products (such as bong-water) to pets or blow smoke in their faces to see their response.
Before intentionally administering marijuana to your bird, either medicinally or in fun, you should be aware that there could be legal consequences for you. Intentionally subjecting your pet to the effects of marijuana could be viewed as animal abuse or cruelty in some states. Twenty-nine states have laws either requiring or permitting veterinarians to report animal neglect, cruelty, or abuse to authorities.
Although there are numerous examples on social media of people intentionally getting their birds high, some people who intentionally expose their pets to this drug are prosecuted . You should make yourself aware of criminal drug laws and animal abuse and cruelty laws in your state. As you could be held legally responsible for actions that are seen by authorities as animal cruelty or abuse, you should make it clear to your friends that any acts which might be illegal or harmful to your bird? health are unacceptable. To reduce the temptation for your friends to do something irresponsible, you should keep your bird in a separate room, away from potentially toxic fumes, in an area not connected by shared ventilation systems. If your bird does inhale smoke or consume marijuana products and becomes ill, taking prompt action to save her, like bringing her to a vet, could still be seen as a mitigating factor in your favor.
Even in states where medical marijuana is approved for human use, veterinarians are not permitted to prescribe it for animals. According to an article on the American Veterinary Medical Association website , which explores the medical marijuana debate in veterinary circles, “Physicians in states where medical marijuana is sanctioned are exempt from prosecution by the state for recommending the schedule I drug to patients. Such protections do not apply to veterinarians, for whom it is illegal in every state to prescribe or recommend marijuana to treat a patient.?
Some people are nonetheless using marijuana, usually in edible form, to treat chronic pain and illness in their pets. However, due to the lack of available medical research, dosage and administration is often a matter of guesswork. For bird owners, in addition to moral and ethical considerations, there may be criminal consequences for administering marijuana to your bird.
How Marijuana Use Impacts Birds In The Wild
Beyond the consequences for pet parrots within the United States, marijuana legalization stands to impact parrots in other parts of the world as well. As US states have begun to legalize it, Latin American nations have started to question the necessity of combatting marijuana cultivation and consumption within their own borders. At a 2010 summit on the issue, leaders from Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Panam?Nicaragua and the Dominican Republic, Colombian president Juan Manuel Santos issued a declaration stating that the United States “cannot support the criminalization of these activities in this or that country and, at the same time, [support] the open or veiled legalization of the production and consumption of drugs in its own territories.?
Latin American countries such as Colombia are home to thousands of bird species and act as host to thousands more migratory birds throughout the year. Although increased recreational use and legal cultivation in Alaska, Colorado, Washington and Oregon will not have a significant impact on wild parrot species, legalization in tropical habitats would have more far-reaching effects.
We?l take a closer look at the effects of drug cultivation on birds, bird conservation projects and bird research in Latin America in the next article in this two-part series.
High Crimes & Parrot Health: Implications Of Loosening Marijuana Restrictions For You & Your Bird There are several legal and ethical issues bird owners should consider as many U.S. states move
Can you Feed your Pet Birds with Marijuana Seeds?
Generally, marijuana seeds are grown, cultivated, and harvested by growers to produce stash for medicinal and recreational users’ consumption. Apart from this, marijuana seeds have other usages besides being cultivated. Surprisingly, you are allowed to feed the seeds to birds and even to other types of animals.
Being small in size, marijuana seeds can be eaten easily by your friend birds, and it can cause no harm but rather satisfies their stomach fully. In this article, we will discuss the characteristics of marijuana seeds that can be good for your feathered pets. We will also investigate the pioneering person initiated feeding of marijuana seeds to birds and the purpose of such actions. We will also identify what harmful things that should be avoided by your pet bird to devour related to marijuana are.
Marijuana Seeds for Revolution
With the aim to legalize marijuana usage and cultivation in Great Britain, people wanted to impose their purpose by not initiating violent actions and activities. These people wanted to promote the free usage of marijuana and make it available any time, regardless if used for medicinal or recreational activities. Instead, to showcase their revolution, they feed birds with marijuana seeds. This is their non-violent way to convince to say yes to marijuana legalization in their country.
Although the usage and cultivation of marijuana are illegal in Great Britain, the distribution of seeds and marijuana seeds itself is not. Hence, they tried to spread the seeds around the country to allow the birds to eat them. Why birds? Well, obviously, birds have the capacity to eat something and spread seeds around the area. With the use of birds, marijuana seeds can be distributed across the country without violating any laws.
The Founder of the Revolution
Finn Hemingway, who’s identity and true face are not yet revealed, is the founder of the non-violent movement in Great Britain. He is fully driven by his will to make marijuana available for anyone’s usage, either for medicinal or recreational. He started feeding many types of birds like pigeons, sparrow, and many more.
With his movement, he encouraged many marijuana enthusiasts across Europe to join the practice, because apart from its sole purpose, marijuana seeds contain essential nutrients that provide tremendous nutrients and sustain the healthy well-being of the feathered animals.
He also founded the “Feed The Birds” organization, which encourages seed dispensaries to donate a supply of seeds, and private growers have likewise donated few of their exotic seeds. The aim of the organization is to let the birds eat them and allow nature works its own way. He considered this movement as the implementation approach to his previous “attempts” in feeding birds to enforce marijuana legalization.
The birds were even able to infiltrate the garden of Great Britain’s Prime Minister, and they are still planning to distribute seeds during their non-violent rallies. Apart from marijuana supporters others are also enjoying the feeding of marijuana seeds to birds as it promotes the lesser possibility of extinction of some birds like European Sparrow.
Effects of Marijuana Seeds on Birds
Some people might be curious if marijuana seeds can provide high effects on birds when they eat it. The answer to that is No. Apart from the information provided above regarding the movement of Finn Hemingway in feeding birds, it only proves how safe and healthy marijuana seeds are to birds consumption and other animals as well.
Every species of birds are allowed to devour marijuana seeds without having to worry about any adverse impacts. In fact, the movement of Finn Hemingway and the Feed The Birds organization will not promote bird feeding if it is not generally safe for bird consumption. It will only cause them troubles with animal welfare associations.
To get high with marijuana seeds, it actually needs to undergo the process of decarboxylation. This process is done by cooking the seeds and let it simmer with boiling water to activate the cannabinoid compound it has. Hence, eating marijuana seeds raw cannot cause high effects rather provides favorable and nutritional effects.
Important Nutrients from Marijuana Seeds Birds Can Get
Filled with Natural Proteins
According to research, proteins derived from plants are very healthy and can be digested easier compared to proteins derived from animals. Therefore, marijuana seeds are the best source of such nutrients as it is filled with bountiful of proteins. Back in history, where marijuana is not yet
illegal, farmers often nourish their domesticated animals with marijuana seeds.
Also, protein derived from hemp seeds became widely known among bodybuilders. Even a fighter with world-famous status like Ronda Rousey, before going to the gym, she begins her day with a dose of hemp seeds. Hence, marijuana seeds are the best source of birds with their daily protein needs.
High Level of Omega Fatty Acid
According to researches, marijuana seeds are rich in Omega Fatty Acid that is not usually produced by human and animal bodies. Hence, to acquire such nutrients, humans and animals will seek for the outside source for any available Omega Fatty Acid.
It was discovered that marijuana seeds, compared to the whole kingdom of plants, they are the richest in Omega Fatty Acid. It simple matter, as compared to Chia and walnuts, marijuana seeds exceed its capacity to produce Omega Fatty Acid.
The purpose of Omega Fatty Acid in both human and animal bodies is to encourage a healthy brain and a highly functioning heart. Omega Fatty Acid is also used in boosting the production of protein inside the bodies, which is why marijuana seeds are best for birds to feed.
Best for the Heart
Due to its capacity to provide essential nutrients like protein and Omega Fatty Acid, the marijuana seeds, when consumed, allows the pressure of the blood to lower significantly and may help in preventing a sudden stroke. The ability of marijuana seeds to produce arginine, the blood vessels will able to relax.
For birds, it helps their cardiovascular system to function highly. The abundant presence of gamma-linoleic acid in marijuana seeds can also help in producing unnecessary types of proteins that cause inflammation.
Prevents Diseases and Promote Wellness
For birds, when they eat marijuana seeds on a regular basis, they allow their systems and bodies to be healthy and away from illnesses. It is important to note as well that marijuana seeds are the only plant in the world composed of amino acids that are essential for survival. Significantly, the marijuana seeds have all the essential nutrients and sources required by any animals and even humans.
What is Harmful to Birds?
Despite being completely harmless of marijuana seeds for birds’ consumption, the smoke from marijuana, when combusted, can be very harmful and damaging to their health. However, there is still a minimal amount of researches that provides extensive information about this; the findings have shown that birds are extremely sensitive to marijuana smoke.
It can cause health problems, among birds when they inhaled the toxins from marijuana smoke combusted by their owners, targeting their lungs more. This is possible since birds’ respiratory systems are efficient enough to accumulate particles of the air compared to humans’ respiratory systems. Hence, toxins in the air and other pollutants can affect the birds negatively than humans.
Being exposed to marijuana smoke can promote great consequences on their health. If they are exposed regularly to marijuana smoke, it nay trigger irritation of the eyes as it can cause respiratory infection and diseases related to the respiratory system.
It may likewise cause coughing, sinus, and infection caused by bacteria among birds if further exposed to marijuana smoke. If these are not addressed accordingly, it could be fatal for your pet birds.
Birds process chemicals differently, and the amount they have ingested according to their body weight will matter as well. Additionally, the effects of marijuana smoke can be favorable for humans despite the psychoactive impressions it leaves, for birds, it can be extremely uncomfortable and frightening. Although it cannot be fatal, it still provides unfavorable effects more than being disorientated.
Provided that the majority of ingestion of marijuana among birds is typically by accidents, either in the form of edibles or second-hand marijuana smoke, owners must fully disclose the reason for marijuana exposure of their pet bird to allow Veterinarians to effectively formulate an exact treatment.
Marijuana seeds have no adverse impact on your pet birds; rather, it promotes healthy well- being and away from illnesses. Thanks to the pioneers of such acts, birds can finally devour something more nutritious and healthy food best for their health. Nonetheless, other forms of marijuana exposure like edibles or smoke, can be very alarming for our feathered pets due to their respiratory-related issues.
Can your pets that fly get high? Here's what happens when feeding your pet birds with marijuana seeds!