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Pipe-weed was a plant of Middle-earth, in particular grown and enjoyed much by the hobbits of the Shire, to whom it was first introduced by Tobold Hornblower.
- 1 History
- 2 See also
- 3 Translations
- 4 References
It was first grown in the Shire by Tobold Hornblower in Longbottom around SR 1070 (the year 2670 of the Third Age). Despite its foreign origins, the hobbits were the first to use it for smoking. Pipe-weed production became a major industry in the Shire, especially in the south. 
The same plant was known among the Dúnedain as sweet galenas for its fragrance. In Gondor, it was known as Westman’s-weed, and grew there as a wild plant, appreciated most for its sweet-scented flowers. The colloquial name was in reference to its origins: it was apparently brought to Middle-earth by Númenóreans in the Second Age. 
Popular hobbit varieties of pipe-weed soon included Longbottom Leaf, Old Toby (named after Tobold Hornblower and revered by Bilbo Baggins), Southern Star, and Southlinch, which was grown in Bree.
Merry (of Peter Jackson’s films) smoking his pipe-weed
The Wizard Gandalf learned to smoke pipe-weed from the Hobbits and was known to blow elaborate smoke-rings. Saruman initially criticized him for this, but eventually took up smoking himself. After the destruction of Isengard, pipe-weed was found among its stores, but the hobbits Merry and Pippin failed to realized until later the implications of the discovery of Saruman’s commerce with the Shire. 
A barrel of “Southfarthing Leaf” in The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers
Pipe-weed was a plant of Middle-earth, in particular grown and enjoyed much by thehobbits of the Shire, to whom it was first introduced byTobold Hornblower. 1 History 2 See also 3 Translations 4 References It was first grown in the Shire by Tobold Hornblower in Longbottom around SR 1070 (the…
‘Flora of Middle-Earth’ Reveals the LOTR Series’ Biggest Letdown
Turns out pipe-weed was more brown than green.
There is a certain variety of stoner whose identity is inextricably linked to a love of Middle-Earth, The Hobbit, Lord of the Rings, and all things J.R.R. Tolkien. This person spends lazy summer afternoons reading The Silmarillion, perhaps puffing on a long wooden pipe packed with sticky green cannabis flowers.
We have some bad news for those marijuana-loving Lord of the Rings fans: Pipe-weed is not weed, as many people вЂ” this reporter included вЂ” long assumed it was.
This bad news comes by way of Flora of Middle Earth, an actual botany text released by Oxford University Press on Tuesday. In the book, which explores the factual and fictional plants of TolkienвЂ™s world, author and University of Florida botanist Walter Judd, Ph.D. reveals that TolkienвЂ™s famed pipe-weed is a lot less exciting that fans might hope.
In the book, which also includes beautiful, wood carving-styled illustrations by Graham Judd, Walter Judd notes that TolkienвЂ™s pipe-weed was actually just plain old tobacco. He uses the word вЂњtobaccoвЂќ in the narrative voice in Lord of the Rings and even named the tobacco plant genus Nicotiana in the Prologue section вЂњConcerning Pipe-weed.вЂќ Furthermore, Bilbo explicitly mentions tobacco in The Hobbit, telling Gandalf that itвЂ™s вЂњa very fine morning for a pipe of tobacco out of doors.вЂќ
Despite these obvious textual clues, which would have been apparent to any fan who read the books closely, the pipe weed-marijuana connection has persisted for a long time, probably tracing its roots to dorm room stoner culture that rose around the same time as Dungeons & Dragons. The game draws significantly on Middle-Earth for mythology and characters, so itвЂ™s no stretch to say that the same people who spent their weekends engaging in D&D campaigns and smoking joints probably also loved Lord of the Rings. Be that as it may, though, TolkienвЂ™s original text, as Judd points out, does not support this interpretation.
While itвЂ™s possible that fans may have overstated the cannabis head-canon, itвЂ™s not all in their minds. Peter JacksonвЂ™s film adaptation of the Lord of the Rings trilogy heavily suggested that Gandalf and FrodoвЂ™s pipes were filled with something a little stronger than tobacco. You may recall the moment Saruman rebukes Gandalf for his smoking habits, hitting him with the wild side-eye:
It seems like a stretch to say that tobacco, a stimulant, slows a personвЂ™s mind. In fact, this is a sentiment much more commonly associated with marijuana. To further hammer home the degree to which Jackson implied hobbits liked to get lit, letвЂ™s recall the moment in which Merry and Pippin light up their pipes in the ruins of Isengard and sit around smoking, snacking, and laughing, their eyes narrowed in that characteristic way:
Whatever our wishful thinking вЂ” and Peter JacksonвЂ™s creative liberties вЂ” had us believe, the evidence cited in Flora of Middle Earth is fairly clear: Pipe-weed is tobacco. Bummer.
At least you can take comfort in the fact that next time a Tolkien-loving friend winkingly suggests you share a pipe of Longbottom Leaf or Old Toby, you can hit them with the вЂњWell, actuallyвЂ¦вЂќ
Turns out pipe-weed was more brown than green.