Papaya is a tropical fruiting plant with ornamental foliage. The fruit can be used raw as a vegetable and when ripe as desert. Papaya fruit is delicious and digestive. It is a rich source of vitamin A. Papaya plant is a fast growing tree which can be planted densely. The plants need 6 to 8 hours of daily sunlight.
Lights, Water, Action
Got the seeds, now, let’em shoot!
Twice a week (summers), once a week (winters)
Where to grow
Terrace or outdoors
Time Till Harvest
One step at a time, with a lil water and light.
Sow the seeds 0.5 cm deep in seedling tray
Germination will take place in 6-8 days
Transplant the seedlings in 30-35 days
Space the seedlings at 250cm by 250cm
Harvest 12-13 months from transplanting
Sow, Grow, Reap
Good things take time and care
Papaya seeds are first grown in polythene bags in a mixture of cow manure + soil + sand in equal proportion during summer and later transplanted in raised beds.
Seeds should be sown 1 cm deep & 10 cm apart and covered with fine soil or compost and watered every morning till they germinate in 2-3 weeks.
Once 15 to 20 cm tall (2 months), the seedlings need to be transplanted in pits of60 x 60 x 60 cm size.
It is better to plant 2-3 seedlings per pit. As soon as the buds appear, male plants should be removed leaving only 10% of the male plants needed for pollination.
Spacing of 1.8 x 1.8 m is recommended between two plants.
It is necessary to keep only 10 % male plants in papaya orchards for good pollination. Therefore, as soon as the plants flower, extra male plants should be uprooted.
Provide good quality compost and cow dung manure to plants every 2 months.
No need to water papaya plants in the rainy season. Water papaya tree every 8-10 days in winter and twice a week in summers.
Drainage is very essential; water logging may cause collar roots. Earth up the base of the tree and drain off excess water.
Weeding should be done regularly, especially around the plant.
The papaya starts bearing fruits within a year of transplanting.
The life of a papaya tree is about 3 years. It may continue to give fruits thereafter but the yield will be poor and the quality may also be affected.
Harvesting papaya fruit: Pick fruit when fully developed but green and lay it on soft straw to ripen. It is sometimes necessary to thin out some fruits to prevent overcrowding. Plant gives fruits all year round under mild tropical conditions.
Why is my Plant dying?
Papaya plants are very susceptible to waterlogging. Even 24 hour stagnation with water may kill the established plants. Make sure the quick and complete drainage of water happens on the soil beds. Plants are also sensitive to strong winds.
Why isn’t my plant giving fruits even after flowering?
It’s probably a male plant. Male papaya plants will obviously not give you fruits. That is exactly the reason why one should plant at least five papaya plants per garden.
My potted Papaya plant is not growing properly.
Papaya should be grown in big pots. Size of pot should not be less than 75 x 40 cm. Also the potted papaya plant must be placed in sunlight.
Spill the tea
All the plant gossip, through the grapevine. Pun intended
Plants with benefits
Papaya is used in various cosmetic, leather, fabric, food & pharmaceutical industries. Papaya is also an important medicinal plant used in constipation, indigestion, piles, skin diseases etc.
What you get
Papayas are an excellent source of vitamin C, and one single medium fruit provides 224 percent of recommended daily intake. One medium papaya has approximately: 120 calories, 30 grams of carbohydrate – including 5 grams of fibre and 18 grams of sugar. Papayas are also a good source of folate, vitamin A, magnesium, copper, pantothenic acid, and fibre.
1.In 2018, global production of papayas was 13.3 million tonnes, led by India with 45% of the world total (table). Global papaya production grew significantly over the early 21st century, mainly as a result of increased production in India and demand by the United States
2.Papaya belongs to genus Carica,which is one of the 22 accepted species in the plant family Caricaceae.
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