super lemon skunk

Super Lemon Haze

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With its strong and sweet lemon qualities in both the smell and taste, this strain certainly lives up to its reputation and name when well-grown. With the indica lineage present in the sativa-dominant hybrid, it results in a rather calm experience for a haze-based strain — rather balanced between head and body effects overall. The plant grows with short internodes and responds well to topping. The standard shape for the untrained plant is a Christmas tree-style sativa, with solid buds that have a high calyx-to-leaf ratio.


Lemon Skunk (Green House used the original Vegas Lemon Skunk clone) x Super Silver Haze (Skunk #1 x Haze C) x (Northern Lights #5 x Haze C)

Click here to purchase your own Super Lemon Haze seeds and start growing today!


The Lemon Man is the holder of the original Lemon Skunk mother, which has roots reaching back nearly 20 years into the Las Vegas-area growing community.

Thought to be an original Sacred Seeds Skunk #1 release with a special lemony scent and flavor, the original Lemon Skunk made its way to Amsterdam and into the hands of Arjan, Green House Seeds’ chief breeder. He crossed it with a spectacular and highly Sativa-looking Super Silver Haze male, and as they say, “the rest is history…”


Strongly citrusy (lemon peel, grapefruit), often smelling sweet like Lemonheads candy — the Haze elements come through in the form of a flowery and spicy undertone.


Rather lemony with some flowery elements, almost identical to the smell when grown properly.


A motivational, creative, mood-elevating experience, Super Lemon Haze also comes with an array of body effects. A buzzing, relaxed body that feels capable makes the elevated mood especially enjoyable. This is a great daytime outdoorsy strain, perfect for a summer day spent doing activities or simply enjoying the day. The medicinal qualities include: mood elevation, anti-anxiety, body relaxation, ocular attention, creativity, and appetite stimulation.

Grow Medium

Works well indoors or out, and works well in high-EC hydro or soil setups. Soil tends to bring out more of the lemon flavor and smell. Plants grow tall but respond well to topping.

With its strong and sweet lemon qualities in both the smell and taste, this strain certainly lives up to its reputation and name when well-grown.  With the indica lineage present in the sativa-dominant hybrid


raw weed papers

RAWthentic Papers

The absolute hands down best rolling papers in the entire world! RAW revolutionized the game by launching the first truly naturally unrefined rolling paper more than a decade ago. Only RAW Papers feature our unique run-preventing watermark that makes for a perfect burn EVERY TIME.

RAW Cones

RAW Cones are the ultimate convenience in rolling because they’re very fast and easy to use! Just fill and light – no need to roll at all! We even invented devices to easily fill them in seconds.

RAW Rolling Trays

RAW re-introduced and re-invented the classic rolling tray! Check out our huge selection of RAW trays for your rolling needs. We have so many trays nowadays because every smoker rolls differently and we want to make ALL of you happy!


RAW is a lifestyle for people who truly enjoy their smoke and take things to the next next level. Check out our famous Instagram feed! It’s definitely one of the most fun and entertaining pages on IG! #RAWlife247

Welcome! RAW is …

  1. RAW is truly unbleached and unrefined.
  2. RAW Rolling Papers contain no chalk, no dyes and no burn additives.
  3. RAW lets you truly taste the natural flavors of your smoke.
  4. RAW Rolling Paper is made of just plants and plant starch.

RAW History

Early 1600’s-1700’s cigarette paper was supplied in large sheets known as “rolling paper” where smokers would have to hand-cut sections from this paper in order to use it. This all changed, however, when Father Jaime Villanueva Estingo invented the first rolling paper booklet circa 1800 in Jativa, Spain (just outside of Alcoy). RAW Paper is proudly from the Alcoy region of Spain and is made footsteps from where the first rolling papers were ever made.

RAW Rolling Papers are the hands down best rolling papers in the world! Beyond unbleached, RAW Papers and unrefined. RAW – The Natural Way To Roll


blueberry yum yum

Ludacris – Blueberry Yum Yum текст песни

Yeah, Um, I think ima try somthin tonight that i aint,
that i aint neva did before on this one, lets go

Get ya lighters, roll dat sticky, lets get high (lets get higher)
Got that Blueberry Yum Yum And its dat fire(its that fire)
Get ya lighters, roll dat sticky, lets get high (lets get higher)
Got that Blueberry Yum Yum And its dat fire(its that fire)

Got a lil bit of Blueberry Yum Yum
and I neva would of thought that it could taste this goooooood
Thank God for the man who put it in my hoooooood
Its got me singin melodies I neva thought i woooouuuuld
Im feelin sorry for the homies that be smokin wooood
Chop Chop, break it down for a playa like me me me me me
Im bout to find me a woman that skeet skeet skeet skeet
Ima keep smokin till i reach my peak peak peak peak
Or till im stuck and my body feels weak weak weak weak weak
headed down to the doungeon wonderin, if they got, some moore
and if they dont then ima have ta settle fa some drooooo
and it just aint cool cuz right on afta, ima have ta gooooo
and continue on my mission fishin for tha Yum Yum but im movin sloooow

Get ya lighters, roll dat sticky, lets get high(lets get higher)
Got that Blueberry Yum Yum And its dat fire (its that fire)
Get ya lighters, roll dat sticky, lets get high (lets get higher)
Got that Blueberry Yum Yum And its dat fire(its that fire)

Yes, fire fire got me so tired ima stop drop and rooooooolll
With a wet towel under the doooooooor
Dont pass it I cant take it no mooooore
Somebody take a trip down to the stoooooore
hurry please cus i need some snacks snacks snacks snacks
and how long will it take to get back back back back
Yes indeed ima lil off track track track track track
Off this weed and im full of that yak yak yak yak yak
Get on in that stankin Lincoln crank it up and riiiiide
and it aint enuff room to fit tha other chicks inside
Im so hungry wit tha munchies ima eat everything in siiiiiight
Me and my blueberrys together and everythings all right

Get ya lighters, roll dat sticky, lets get high (lets get higher)
Got that Blueberry Yum Yum And its dat fire (its that fire)
Get ya lighters, roll dat sticky, lets get high (lets get higher)
Got that Blueberry Yum Yum And its high (its that fire)

Get the propane, rollin thangs and lets blow this place uuuuuup
You already know whats uuup
I mighta have to pay some extra buuuuuucks
But I really dont give a fuuuuuck
Cuz a brotha feels great great great great great
But im barely awake wake wake wake wake
All bent outa shape shape shape shape shape
So stomp on yo brake brake brake brake brake
If u token good, then all my smokas, let me see ya flame
Dont know what ya got but my bag will, put yo stuff, ta shame
All tha different kinds of otha flavors, they dont mean a thang
You cant compare it dont stare cuz i got the ultimate Mary Jane

Get ya lighters, roll the sticky, lets get high (lets get higher)
Got that Blueberry Yum Yum And its dat fire (its that fire)
Get ya lighters, roll the sticky, lets get high (lets get higher)
Got that Blueberry Yum Yum And its dat fire (its that fire)

Ludacris – Blueberry Yum Yum текст песни Yeah, Um, I think ima try somthin tonight that i aint, that i aint neva did before on this one, lets go [Chorus] Get ya lighters, roll dat sticky,


sky strain

Sky OG

by tracking#track” data-controller=”tracking” data-tracking-payload=”<"eventAction":"click","eventCategory":"Brand Name","eventLabel":"Link","brandId":608,"fullUrl":"","productId":16491,"strainId":8509>” href=”/brands/grown-rogue-gardens”>Grown Rogue

Currently not listed on a store menu within 100 miles.

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About this product

An Indica dominant hybrid, Grown Rogue’s Sky OG is a cultivar those looking to completely separate from the aches, pains, and stress they are under. Because of the heavy Indica effect, it’s a great companion for a night on the couch watching the original Star Wars series; that’s under the assumption you’ve seen it already and are comfortable missing parts due to snoozzzzzzzzzzzing.

2 customer reviews

on April 26th, 2020

This is the perfect strain for me to go to sleep with. It’s not such a knock-out that I can’t use it for a nice chill high, so it’s the perfect medium for me. This is one of the best strains I’ve ever tried. It’s got a nice clean, lovely smell raw and when it’s smoked. It’s really nice. 9.5/10 — I’d like to take off half a point because when I smoked it in a hemp wrap (similar to blunt), my lips were quite tingly and numb.

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on April 13th, 2020

Bruce W: The Sky is falling, this stuff kicks your ass, like nothing prior. Totally takes over, any other buzz, you may have had. Just being brave enough, to try some during the daylight hours. Instant ass kicker, which I purchased, for sleeping, and it does an excellent job of getting you to sleep. Or if you just want to be incapacitated, try this anytime of the day. Worst that can happen, is a great night’s rest. Superbly Excellent, is my rating. Coben. I rate the Sky OG very nice/10. ༼つಠ益ಠ༽つ ─=≡ΣO))

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About this strain

Mazar x Blueberry OG

Mazar x Blueberry OG is a potent indica-dominant hybrid strain that may just take you to a galaxy far, far away. No Sith genetics here—this plant is a cross between Mazar x Bluebery and OG Kush and has the strong aroma characteristic to kush strains that includes a spicy herbal scent tinged with jet fuel. This strain makes relaxation your only mission, and some users report strong body effects that include mild tingling and numbness. If pain and physical limitations are the issue, Mazar x Bluebery OG is here to rescue you. The galaxy also holds a sativa dominant variety of Mazar x Blueberry that is also often referred to as Mazar x Blueberry OG or Sativa OG.

If your mission is total relaxation, Sky OG is a worthy candidate to lead you there.


cannabis week 3 flowering

Cannabis Flowering Stages Week 3 & 4

Robert Bergman
August 31, 2020

After two weeks with 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness, the plant stops growing and every bud starts to develop its first flowers. Almost no leaves are being made anymore and the roots also don’t grow as quickly. All pistils are white and increase very rapidly. The little flowers are now just small white balls, spread along the branches. And the smell starts to really develop at this point. I always find this stage very exciting.

Week 3 & 4 Flowering Stage

  • Flowering Day 50
  • Flowering Day 52
  • Flowering Day 54
  • Flowering Day 57
  • Flowering Day 59
  • Flowering Day 61
  • 50 days
  • 57 days
  • 61 days

From now on, you shouldn’t prune your plants anymore. Your plants need all their energy to create buds, and pruning would create a wound the plant needs to repair, which costs energy.

Since the plants don’t grow much anymore and it completely focuses on the development of the buds, you have to provide it with different nutrients. Your plant needs less nitrogen, a bit of potassium and a lot of phosphor. You could use Bloom Fertilizer by Flower Power or ask your local garden center or growshop for advice.

  • New growth
  • Bud growth close
  • Bud growth macro

The plants now use a lot of water, so make sure they never go without and that the soil is always a bit moist. Reach your hand halfway down the pot and lift them out of the pot often to check the humidity. It’s better to water them a bit every day than water them a lot every 5 days. You can better manage your plants this way, because you’re checking every day so you won’t water them too little or too much as quickly.

It’s often tempting to already taste a little bud, but that has little use. The buds barely contain any THC and the taste isn’t all that great. You would only cause damage to the plant. Have a bit more patience.

Bergman’s Numbers

  • Light cycle: 12 hours light – 12 hours darkness
  • Light color: Orange-red – HPS
  • Temperature: 70-77 degrees
  • Humidity: 50 – 60%
  • Fertilizer: 1.3 – 1.4
  • pH: 6.0

Day 50

  • Top view
  • Side view
  • Close up

You can see the first buds appear starting today. They don’t really look like buds, but you can see more white hairs come out of the new growth. It’s best visible at the main bud, but you can see little white hairs appear all over the plant. From now on, the plant will use its energy for the production of as many buds as possible. So make sure the plant has everything it needs and provide it with sufficient water and a nice climate.Also check the leaves again, both the top and underneath. They should have a nice green color without spots, discoloration or deformation.

Bugs usually hang out underneath the leaves, so make sure you check these spots.If your leaves look healthy, you can increase the EC to 1.3. You can also switch to flowering nutrients now. This contains a lot of phosphor and potassium and a bit less nitrogen, which is exactly what your plants need to produce buds. I rinsed the soil with only acidulated water, so the plants can directly absorb all the new nutrients. Read more about the use of certain nutrients in the article Nutrients for marijuana plants.

I now give them 1/2 gallons of water every other day and they use every last drop. This is a good sign, because it means the respiration process is going well. They absorb tons of nutrients along with the water, which is exactly what they need right now.

Perfectly Time Your Harvest

Learn how to produce more potent buds in my Harvest Guide.
Download the free PDF here

Day 52

  • Top view
  • Side view
  • Close up

You can now see the first real buds appear. They are just tiny balls with white hairs, but they’re buds! They don’t contain any THC yet and aren’t really smokable, but they’re starting to get a nice smell.

Gently squeeze one of these balls and smell your fingers after. This is very promising ;)The plant won’t grow anymore really, so you don’t need to check the height of your lamp every time.

Do however maintain a perfect climate.

  • The humidity needs to be between 50 and 60 percent, and the temperature shouldn’t rise above 77 degrees.
  • Always make sure the plants have enough water, and take good care of them.
  • This is a very important period, because the number of buds your plant will produce is determined right now.

What is a marijuana plant?

We’re all doing it for the buds. But in order to grow thick buds, all organs of the plant must be healthy: the leaves, root system, stems and tissue. Read the article What is a marijuana plant to see how all parts work together and what their functions are.

Day 54

  • Top view
  • Side view
  • Close up

This is really starting to look like a bud. You can see many white hairs grow from the little buds and probably also some leaves. These leaves are important, because they can tell you a lot about the health of your buds. If you look closely at those little leaves that grow out of your buds, you can see there’s already some resin on them. The leaves around the buds are perfect to make hash or weed butter out of later.I already taught you how to check if your plant is healthy. But now that the plant has buds, there are some more factors you have to take into account;

Color of the hairs

The color of the hairs must be white during the first two weeks. If that’s not the case the plant can experience stress, causing it to finish flowering quicker. After two weeks the first hairs will turn red, and towards the end of the harvest they’ll all be red/brown, as they should be.

Color of the leaves between the buds

These should also be green. If the tip of a leaf is brown it indicates a nutrient surplus, and you should give the plant half the dose the next time. If whole leaves are turning brown, you could be experiencing bud rot.

This won’t happen at this stage, but it can occur near the end of the harvest. So from now on you should also look at the color of the hairs and the leaves between the buds. If you are in doubt, immediately talk to one of our growing experts on the forum.

Day 57

  • Top view
  • Macro view
  • Bud view

It’s really starting to look like something now! They’ve grown a lot over the weekend! You can see that the little white balls are getting bigger and are starting to grow towards each other. This can eventually amount to very big buds. If you look at the bottom of your plants, you can see all kinds of little buds starting to grow. Keep the climate and your watering at the right level.If your plants are healthy and your leaves are nice and green, you can increase the EC to 1.4. If this is not the case, follow the step-by-step plan to see what’s wrong with your plants and approach a growing expert on our forum to help you.

What is the best temperature?

The absorption of water and the nutrients dissolved in it takes place through the roots of a plant. This process takes place through osmosis. Osmosis is a physical process in which substances can move from one liquid – separated by a semi-permeable wall (the plant cell) – to another liquid. This takes place from the side with the highest concentration to the side with the lowest concentration of nutrients. This movement of ions is called osmotic pressure.

The same principle applies to a marijuana plant, which consists of about 80% water. So the type and amount of substances on both sides of the cell wall are important. Let’s keep it simple and assume the liquid in a plant and the water outside the plant only contain N (nitrogen), P (phosphor) and K (potassium) ions.

If the marijuana plant used nitrogen ions, the concentration in the plant is lower than in the water outside of the plant. So new nitrogen ions are being sucked in from the water. If the plant has enough potassium ions in the plant (the concentration on both sides of the cell wall is the same), the K-molecules won’t come into action and stay where they are. If a plant has many more P-ions than the liquid outside the plant, the phosphor is sucked out of the plant, creating a shortage in the plant. Read more about osmosis in the article What is osmosis.

Day 59

  • Top view
  • Macro view
  • Bud view

Despite the fact that this is a very important stage, the days all look the same. Besides checking the climate, plants and water, you don’t have to do much else. This is a good moment to start broadening your knowledge and read a number of articles on plant physiology.

The articles are quite detailed, but give you a good understanding of the functioning and the needs of a marijuana plant. You can use this knowledge in future harvests.To motivate you a little bit, I’ll show you a small series of pictures on how the main bud is going to develop. If you make sure you have enough knowledge and you stick to this schedule, it will look just like this on your plants…

  • Week 3
  • Week 4
  • Week 5
  • Week 6
  • Week 7
  • Week 8

Day 61

  • Top view
  • Macro view
  • Bud view

Keep checking all values and take good care of your plants. Starting next week no new buds will be produced, but the buds will start to blow up. If your plants are healthy, the size of your buds can increase optimally.From this moment on, the risk of fungi and diseases increases. The buds are warm, humid spots where fungi can develop well under the right circumstances. From now on it’s important you take a number of things into consideration:

Don’t spray your buds

Make sure your buds stay dry and don’t spray your plants anymore. Bud rot, which develops best under a high humidity, is disastrous to your plants. You should therefore keep the humidity around 50% and the temperature around 77 degrees.

Proper ventilation

Fungi usually develop in places that don’t experience airflow. A proper ventilation between the buds prevents the easy nestling of fungi. It also blows the buds dry in case they got wet.

Checking your buds

Regularly check your buds and leaves for fungi and diseases. Look for brown, white or black spots on the leaves. Brown leaves that grow out of the bud and discoloration on top of the buds. Touch your plants as little as possible and preferably wear surgical gloves.

Here’s an overview of the most common fungi and diseases, with a link to an article with more information.

In this guide we&#39;ll cover the flowering stage (Week 3 &amp; 4) that begins once the vegetative phase ends. This usually takes 3-4 weeks, read about…


wild berry strain review

Strain: Wild Berry

Add Wild Berry To Your Favorites

Wild Berry

Very recognizable by the scent it emits, Wild Berry is a strain that hits as hard as its own berry smell. By Scorpion Seeds, this strain is used mainly for those dealing with chronic pain, poor appetite and insomnia.


Rating: No Rating / 5

Flavors: berry, blueberry, fruity, pungent, and sweet.


DJ Short Blueberry

Blackberry Kush

Grow Information

Growing Difficulty: Easy

Preferred Medium: Soil

Flowering Time In Days: 56

Outdoor Finish: Early October

Height: Medium

Average Yield: Medium

Environment: Greenhouse

Growing Notes: Can be grown both indoors and outdoors.


Average THC & CBD Test Results

Test Results courtesy of


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Indica strain. Easy difficulty to grow, average flowering days: 56, medium yield.


sog cannabis

The SOG cannabis growing method

Sea of Green

SOG or Sea of Green is a marijuana growing technique used to take advantage of all the available growing space. Basically, we only need to completely cover the whole space with relatively small pots, as many as needed. The number of pots used will depend on both the size of the pots and the available space. For our example, we will use a 1m2 growing tent and tell you a few tips that everyone should remember in order to achieve a successful SOG crop.

SOG indoor cannabis crop

The main goal of this kind of cultivation is reducing as much as possible the time needed to grow and flower the plants, while getting the best possible yield of our growing space. With this method, one can achieve the same results in two months – using cuttings – than in 3-4 months when growing cannabis seeds . Saving money in our light bills or being able to perform more crops per year are some of the benefits from this interesting growing technique.

How to set up a SOG crop

After getting all the needed growing gear (pots, lighting systems, fertilizers, etc.), the first thing to do is growing a motherplant from which we will take cuttings . For this kind of cultivation, it is very important having identical cuttings from the same motherplant – or at least from the same genetics – to achieve a homogeneous crop. Working with several genetics will surely cause problems regarding size, height, flowering time, nutrient needs, and a number of factors that will decrease the overall yield of the plants.

Once we have our motherplant ready, we should determine how many plants we are going to use per m2.; the amount of cuttings may depend on several factors and needs, but 25 plants/m2 is a good number to start with. Now we know how many cuttings we have to take from our motherplant and how many pots are needed to plant them.

It is advisable taking more cuttings than needed; this way, we can keep the best 25 ones for our growroom and discard the rest of them. We must choose the stronger and healthier ones, with similar heights, discarding those that would not form a homogeneous crop, what is crucial when using the Sea of Green method.

Ak47 clones ready to start a SOG crop

Another important aspect of this system is the type of irrigation that we are going to use for our plants. The best option is setting up an automatic watering system with dippers, connected to a nutrient solution tank. In this way, all plants will receive the same exact amount of nutrient solution, what will equally increase the production of all the plants.

Growing cannabis cuttings using the SOG technique

Plant each cutting in its respective pot ; we can perform a couple of transplants before flowering our plants, and the final pot’s size will depend on the used substrate. If we are using coco coir, 3-4 liter pots will be perfect; otherwise, if we use soil, we should use bigger containers, about 5-6L. Transplanting our plants saves space, helps to control the height of the cuttings and promotes growth with a shorter internodal distance, improving yields.

As the growth period of our clones will be short, we must use a quality root stimulator to enhance root growth, so they can quickly develop a well-formed rootball. Roots will drastically slow their growth after the pre-flowering stage – 2nd/3rd week of flowering – so we can stop adding root stimulator to the nutrient solution at this time.

Our plants should only have a main central bud with 2-3 side branches. We can prune the lower parts of the plants if needed, for we only want perfectly formed buds which usually only develop at the tops of the plants.

Plants should be about 35-50cm tall at the end of the flowering stage, so growing either Indica or Sativa strains is of key importance. We don’t want taller plants since the light emitted by the bulb would not reach the lower parts of the plants, developing few and squalid flowers. Indica marijuana strains are generally smaller and more compact than Sativas, which take more time to stop growing once the pre-flowering stage ends; for this reason, if we are using Sativa varieties we’ll flower them a bit sooner than the Indicas.

SOG of Ak47 marijuana plants, 3rd week of flowering

The Sea of Green – SOG – marijuana growing technique highly optimizes the available growing space while allowing us to perform more crops per year tha


lavender jones strain

Lavender Jones

aka Purple Jones

Lavender Jones, also called Purple Jones, is a hybrid strain that expresses itself in vibrant hues of purple and green. Its Purple Urkle parent passes on more than just its colorful display and dense bud structure; deep relaxation typical of indica varieties comes through, coupled with dreamy cerebral euphoria inherited from its hybrid parent, Casey Jones.

Lavender Jones, also called Purple Jones, is a hybrid strain that expresses itself in vibrant hues of purple and green. Its Purple Urkle parent passes on more than just its colorful display and dense bud structure; deep relaxation typical of indica varieties comes through, coupled with dreamy cerebral euphoria inherited from its hybrid parent, Casey Jones.

Lavender Jones, aka Purple Jones, is a hybrid cannabis strain.


laughing buddha seeds

Laughing Buddha – Feminised – Barney’s Farm

Don’t be put off by this the long flowering period and pruning this fast growing plant requires. The payoff will be large, tight, heavy buds, almost white with THC crystals. This is a fragrant, tasty smoke, offering concentrated aromas of exotic fruits and sweet flavors that linger on the tongue. The pleasantly intense effects might not have you laughing like Buddha, but it will definitely put a smile on your face: an energetic, upbeat high. A state-of-the-art Sativa hybrid

Buy Laughing Buddha (€39) online at Amsterdam Seed Center ✓ Top 10 Barney’s Farm Feminised Cannabis Seeds. ✓ Always in stock ✓ Shipped Worldwide ✓ Fast delivery


kava plant seeds

Life Cycle of a Kava Plant

Field of Hiva Kava Plants

Have you ever wondered how a Kava plant grows from a tiny seed all the way to a mature, flowering plant? Well, you are in luck because this informative article covers every stage of the life cycle. From a tiny shoot, to taking cuttings, to growing a mature flowering Kava plant that’s ready for harvest; we’ll cover it all.

So, my first fun fact about Kava plants is that they went sterile a long, long time ago. That means they no longer produce seeds, no matter how many insects (or humans) try to pollenate their oddly beautiful flowers. All Kava propagates the next generation through cuttings. Various methods have been tried by Kava farmers all over the world. In my 20+ years of working with Kava plants, I’ve tried every method I could get my hands on. For me, though, the best way I’ve found to propagate new cuttings, is by placing them horizontally in some rich soil. Kava mostly grows on islands in topical areas, and islands almost all arose from volcanoes. This means rich, sandy soil. take a look at this second photo:

New Juvenile Kava Plant

Notice how a short section of a Kava stem has been submerged about halfway into the rich, volcanic soil. The soil can be kept fairly moist, and needs to be kept out of direct sunlight. Believe it or not, despite Kava plants thriving in tropical climates, they prefer about 30% shade throughout their life cycle, and even more shade when they’re just babies.

Now it may have occurred to you to ask about that section of Kava. How do you know what section to take in order to make a new cutting? Well, that’s the easy part. Kava stems look a lot like bamboo, just knobbier. So, as a plant grows, the stem gets a bunch of very noticeable nodes as it goes. Depending on the variety, some plants may get really crooked with very short internodal lengths, and others may have long internodal lengths and remain quite straight throughout their life. Take a look at this photo, which shows the nodes of a Kava stem:

Kava Plant Nodes

This variety is called “Mo’a” and it tends to have shorter internodal lengths, and can get quite knobby. Notice how the nodes are darker at the nodal point, and how it gets greener along the stem. This is one of the main ways of discerning different varieties of Kava. (If you look to the right, you can see the stem cutting that this plant is growing out of.) The plants take on these colorings very early on, but the colors can get much more intense as the plant matures.

Every cutting needs at least one node in order to produce a new plant, but I have found that at least 2 nodes are ideal. With two nodes on the cutting, what happens is one node will take on rooting, while the other node will sprout shoots. This isn’t a hard and fast rule, but if I’m not working from just a few cuttings, and can afford to have each of them have 2 nodes, that seems to work out the best.

Take a look at the following photo; this shows a cutting that just a month old. This one was started from a very short node, and was placed into a well-drained box with just a few inches of soil. The box was then kept fairly wet, watered every day, and placed in partial sun. These plants were started on the Big Island of Hawaii, so the soil was taken directly from the ground.

This is a very happy and healthy Kava plant! Already, you can see its variety by its markings on the stem. It’s difficult to see from here, but this is a Nene variety of Kava. This Hawaiian cultivar is known for it’s mild flavor, and it’s lighter Kavalactone content.

Also notice that this cutting only has a single node on it. Since the stem was placed in the soil horizontally, the roots and the shoot grew from the same place. If you instead choose to plant it vertically, two nodes are almost required. Look at the following photo. See how these Kava shoots look in comparison. They were planted in the same soil, but with plenty of Perlite mixed in, and were placed horizontally instead.

New Vertical Kava Plant

The other common propagation method is to plant the stems vertically. This seems to

New Tall Vertical Kava Plant

work best when the Kava plants are mature, and the stem length is at least several inches. Take a look at this baby on the left, as well as this more mature plant on the right. Both are Nene cultivars, and are from plants that are about 7 years old.

The one on the left was planted in an aeroponics cloner that uses intermittent sprays of water. This tends to make amazingly beautiful root bundles that transfer well to rich soil. If you choose this route of Kava propagation, make sure that the soil is very well drained, has plenty of Perlite or similar aerating medium, and plan to have a number of your new plants die off. The ones that survive, though, will make great Mother Plants for future generations of Kava.

The one on the right, if you look closely, has a tiny shoot just under my pinkie finger. This is where the new plant will sprout from, and the rest of the stem that I have in my hand will darken and dry out. They stay attached to the new plant though, as you can see in the picture of the Mo’a above. If this happens and you don’t like the dead stem sitting there, it IS safe to cut it anywhere above the new Kava stem that sprouted.

New Kava Cutting

Here is one more example of a vertical planting of a new Kava plant. This was stuck directly in rich, well-drained soil, about 1″-2″ below the soil line. The node is left above the soil line to allow the new shoot to take hold. This one isn’t as happy as the others, as some of the new leaves died off, and new shoots began to sprout. I’ll let you know the fate of this plant.

As the Kava plants takes hold, there will likely be a sudden burst of new shoots emerging from each of the nodes. And, in many

Emerging Kava Leaf

instances, new shoots will emerge from those new shoots. Depending on the type of Kava plant you planted, longer internodal stem lengths will typically produce plants with long leaf stems as well, often getting so heavy that they will droop to the ground.

Here’s a great example of that on your right. An already established stem had a burst of new stems emerging from them. In fact, this particular Kava plant has stems and leaves coming from seemingly everywhere. Look closely, and you can see how the new leaf develops inside the stem of the existing leaf. The stem splits, and like a chicken from an egg, the new leaf works to break free, and then unfurl. You can see the same process in the photo below.

Kava Leaf and Flower

Next up are flowers. There’s really no need to spend a lot of time on this because flowers are quite irrelevant to the Kava plant. They’re other-worldy rather than pretty, they don’t have much of a scent to them, and they won’t produce seeds no matter how hard you try.

How the flowers emerge, though is quite interesting. When they first begin, they seem to have been “stuck” onto the plant, as if a Kava Elf came along in the middle of the night and pasted a bunch of Kava flowers in odd places. They start off really skinny, and always appear at the emergence point of Kava leaves. In this not-so-rare photo, it’s flowering just as a new leaf is emerging. The flowering cycle is also difficult to predict. This flower began around July. It’s the peak of summer, and this particular 6 month old plant flowered like crazy.

Does Kava Flower?

The flower keeps growing outward, staying quite slim, making more of a stick than a flower. Take a look at the image on the left. This is a flower in adolescence. This is another few weeks in, as the flowering cycle for Kava lasts a few months. I’ve tried everything I could think of (I know it’s in vain, but it was fun to try), to try to get seeds from a Kava plant, but it’s no different than trying to get water from a stone.

Usually, in flowering cycles, plants stop producing leaves, but not Kava. Throughout the flowering cycle, leaves continue to grow at an amazing pace. Before you know it, the flowers reach maturity, stick around for a while, and just die off.

I haven’t seen more than one flowering cycle per year, but the time of the cycle isn’t

Mature Kava Flower

always predictable. It often seems to depend on when I take cuttings, when they take root, and where in the various places I keep my Kava plants they are.

Lateral Kava Roots

There are many choices for the first two years of your Kava plant’s life. As excited as you might be to have home-harvested Kava roots, it takes a minimum of two years for them to mature. Growing Kava plants is definitely an exercise in patience, and on many levels. There will probably be many times you will want to cut off a few roots to sample them, perhaps to make yourself and a friend a shell of Kava. But, the Kavalactone content, like a fine wine, takes time to materialize and develop. Two years is actually the minimum time for a plant to mature; a much better time (that will likely yield a higher Kavalactone content and a smoother taste) is four to five years. We try to harvest all of our roots at a minimum of 5 years of age.

During that growing cycle, there are many options for your Kava plant. What are most prized are what are called “lateral” roots. Those are the roots that grow along the ground. And, there are many ways to encourage the growth of those lateral roots. This part of the Kava plant is always seeking oxygen. One of the best ways to accomplish lateral growth is to have your Kava plant suspended slightly above the ground, or to have the main bundle of your Kava plant in a closed container. A closed container will keep out some air and as much light as possible.

You might initially think that a standard flower pot might do the trick, but that’s the catch; you’ve got to have a place for those lateral roots to go. So, one of the best containers we’ve found is a burlap sack. Just as we’re transplanting our new Kava plants, we fill half of a burlap sack with rich, well-aerated soil. Then, we place the baby Kava plant at the top, and cover it with an inch or two of soil. We take the rest of the burlap sack, and tie it very loosely around the stem of the plant. You can then simply place that plant and sack on the ground. (I usually dig out a very shallow hole for the sack to rest in.)

This allows you to water, but also allows for increased drainage. And then, as roots grow out and reach the edge of the burlap sack, they will poke through looking for both oxygen and Earth. They’re smart enough (or at least gravity helps them to be smart enough) to reach out from the sack and stretch towards the Earth. From my experience, these lateral roots also tend to grow extra thick, increasing the harvest of lateral roots, and giving you even more prized Kava than you may have had if you planted it directly into the soil.

This is where growing Kava plants turns into science if you’re interested in maximizing your root harvest.

Finally. You’ve started your plants from cuttings, you’ve seen them at least through two years of growth, and finally want to harvest some

Kava Harvest Time

kava roots. It is possible to save your Kava plant when you harvest, but no matter what method you chose at the start, you’ll only get a good amount of Kava if you sacrifice the plant.

The good news is that during that two year wait, you probably got really good at rooting new cuttings. Your plants sprang up to at least six feet tall, and you took many different cuttings, and made lots of new plants. We space planting about one year apart, so there is a continual supply of Kava year after year. Once Kava takes hold and is happy, it grows like crazy, and will last many years.

So, take a look at the image to the right. This is a mature Kava plant, about 5 years old. This is the part of the stump just above the ground, where there are a lot of lateral roots. Look at all the stems coming of off this stump to the right — those are the prized lateral Kava roots, although the chips that you get from the stump can often make for smoother drinking Kava.

Kava Root Stump

The stump itself can get quite large. I’ve included the image on the left to give you a good idea of the size of the stump. Now for the bad news; Kava contains about 80% water. That means that if you harvest 100 lbs of root, you will only end up with about 20 lbs of dried root material. In the recent marketplace, with the explosion of Kava bars throughout Oceania, this little fact is causing a shortage of Kava. Growers get a lot more money for “green” Kava roots, which are non-dried, fresh Kava roots.

Drying your Kava roots can also take some time. Kavalactones start to break down at just 140 degrees Fahrenheit, so you can’t just place your newly-harvested Kava roots into an oven to dry . Typically the roots are dried in large enclosed shaded structures, with exhaust fans and often dehumidifiers. This allows for plenty of airflow, while providing enough heat to dry the roots. Roots can take quite some time to properly dry as well.

Kava roots are like sponges, and will absorb any moisture in the surrounding environment. What this means is that they are also susceptible to mold and fungus. Roots must constantly be rotated, not allowing any to stay in one position for too long.

Kava is definitely a plant of patience. I think it’s one of the most Zen plants there are, as every step of the process requires repetition and patience on many levels. We have to initially wait at least two years for our prize, so if you’re are someone who feeds on instant gratification, growing Kava might not be for you. But the prize, when it arrives is one of the sweetest I’ve ever known.

Settling in with a shell of Kava that you’ve grown yourself is a joy like few others. And I don’t doubt for one second that it’s my own bias, but I’ve never grown sweeter, better drinking Kava root than the ones I’ve planted, grown, and harvested myself in my own Private Reserve garden in the great outdoors.

Buy Some Kava Roots!

Find only Noble Roots in the Kava Marketplace. Whether you like instant drinks, capsules, Kava root powder, or Kavalactone Paste, you’ll find something to suit your taste buds. Become a Kava fan today!

This informative article discusses the life cycle of a Kava plant, and also gives you great tips on growing kava plants as well. Click here to read it.